The Osttirol villages of Obertilliach, Untertilliach, Kartitsch, Innervillgraten, Außervillgraten united as part of the mountaineering village initiative are pioneers of mountaineering in their regions. It is no coincidence that in the mountaineering villages the awareness of the harmony between nature and people is more marked than in many other places. In the mountaineering villages, alpinism has developed as part of the culture of its residents and guests, maintained and developed further over generations. The holiday activities in the mountaineering villages are as varied as the localities themselves. But all mountaineering villages have one thing in common – they are dedicated to sustainable alpine tourism. The history of these localities has been shaped by early alpinism and this tradition is palpable in these villages up until today.